Wednesday, January 16, 2019

Obadiah 1:13b

Daily Hebrew:

v. 13b) 

Tuesday, January 15, 2019

Obadiah 1:13a

Daily Hebrew: 

v. 13a) 

Monday, January 14, 2019

Obadiah 1:12c

Daily Hebrew:

v. 12c) 

Friday, January 11, 2019

Obadiah 1:12b

Thursday, January 10, 2019

Obadiah 1:12a

The Obadiah page in the Willy Wiedmann "mile-long" Bible: 

Verse 12, Part a: "Do not gloat over your brother’s day,
The day of his misfortune." 

Daily Hebrew: 

Wednesday, January 09, 2019

Obadiah 1:11b

Also check out: 

Daily Hebrew: 

v. 11b)

Some art to put in conversation with the verse that may stimulate theological or spiritual reflection: 

Rana Bishara: 

Randomness of the Dice... War Crimes and Assassination 

–– Palestinian Territory, 2016 

Tuesday, January 08, 2019

The "Slave Bible"

We recently experienced the exhibit on the "Slave Bible" right over the Potomac in Washington DC.

These "Bibles," which were specially produced for slave populations, cut away huge sections of Scripture, particularly those emphasizing freedom and liberation. Instead, passages emphasizing submission were give pride of place. There are not many of these Bibles still extant, but this one that was printed in London in 1809 for use by slaves in the British West India Islands is currently on loan to the DC Bible Museum. 

Obadiah 1:11a

Daily Hebrew: 

v. 11a)

Monday, January 07, 2019

Job's New Being: Reflections in Clay Sculpture by Jill Williams

One of my advanced students in last semester's Hebrew Bible seminar, Jill Williams, presented a sculpture of Job as her final project accompanied by exegesis and theological reflections in Job's ultimate transformation in the book.

Jill reports that a crucial decision for her was which posture to place Job in. "The posture itself should embody the paradoxes I believe Job’s existence now encompasses. I chose to put Job down on one knee in the dust and ashes. By placing Job in this position, the sculpture reveals how Job shows that he has one part of himself kneeling in honor and in awe of the Lord, while he still has one part of himself trying to stand up." Here I believe that Jill has discovered an exemplary spiritual posture that Abraham also exhibited in Genesis 18. There, Abraham, who has done no wrong, approaches God in both lowliness (“…I who am but dust and ashes”) and determination (God expects and even waits for Abraham’s challenge). Jill goes on to write, "It is a continual internal struggle to stand as a man in front of the Lord, to retain something of one’s own self, while at the same time surrendering everything that you are to God. This is a continual sacrifice... Is Job being pushed into the dust and ashes or rising out of it? Yes. Both. This is one of the paradoxes."

Obadiah 1:10

Daily Hebrew: 

Archaeological discoveries in the eastern Negev reveal Edomite expansion into Judah during the sixth century B.C.E., probably from the era when Babylonia was threatening Judah. Among the artifacts uncovered at Qitmit and En Hatzeva were limestone altars, terra cotta incense burners, and assorted figurines (see the worshiper model below), most likely signalling Edomite worship shrines.

Friday, January 04, 2019

Obadiah 1:9

Daily Hebrew: 

Teman: In Obadiah's poetry here, Teman is a poetic parallel term for Edom. It may be a tribal territory of inexact delimitation. If it is a specific location, and not just a general territory, it is difficult to pin down with any certainty. Some simply equate Teman with Bozrah, Edom's capital since the eighth century BCE. This would place Teman in Edom's north (see map below). However, the Kuntillet ’Ajrud inscriptions mention “Yahweh of Teman,” and Kuntilet Ajrud is south of Bozrah, south of Kadesh Barnea on the ancient route leading to Eilat and the Gulf of Aqaba. This may suggest a southern locale for Teman. Further, the fourth-century CE historian Eusebius locates Teman in the southern part of Edom and ties it to the ancient king Husham (Gen 36:34).  

Thursday, January 03, 2019

Obadiah 1:8

Daily Hebrew: 

Edom was famed for its “wise men.” See Jer 49:7; also the nation’s association with Job from Uz, which is considered by some to be in Edom, and with Job’s friend Eliphaz the Temanite. Further, living on the fringe of the northern Arabian desert and benefitting from the caravan trade and accessible copper deposits, it may be that Edom was known for its business acumen or diplomatic shrewdness. 

A wise owl considers its own demise in a 16th century woodcut:

  • Title: Allegory with an Owl
  • Date: 16th century
  • Technique: Woodcut
  • Credit Line: Harvard Art Museums/Fogg Museum, Gift of Paul J. Sachs
  • Artist: Johann (Hans) Wechtlin 

Wednesday, January 02, 2019

Obadiah 1:7b

Daily Hebrew: 

Tuesday, January 01, 2019

Obadiah 1:7a

Daily Hebrew: